Arthroscopic surgery is a type of orthopedic procedure that attends to the problematic conditions of a joint. Arthroscopy comes from the Greek works arthro and scope meaning joint and look. Simply put, arthroscopic surgery is what a surgeon looks inside a joint with the use of an arthroscope, or small camera.
The musculoskeletal system is one of the largest in the body and because of this arthroscopic surgery can be performed on any joint in the body. This surgery is commonly performed on the knee, shoulder, hip, ankle, elbow, and wrist. Because out of these areas the knee and shoulder has the largest joints, they are the areas of the body that are operated on most using the arthroscopic methods.
Like previously stated this type of procedure is performed by inserting a camera though a small incision. By the use of a television screen the surgeon can assess and repair the injury. The surgeon than makes one or two more incisions to insert the instruments needed to do the repair.
The most common procedures performed with an arthroscope are cartilage repairs and, rotator cuff repairs or labral tears in the shoulder and repairing or timing a torn meniscus in the knee.
Because of the limited movement available in the small incision there are some repairs that cannot be completely fixed with arthroscopic surgery. This is true when the issue involves arthritis of the knee. For injures such as this other surgical techniques are necessary.
There are many benefits to this type of surgical procedures. A major benefit includes the shorter recovery than that of an open surgery. The shorter recovery is due to the small incision. The small incision leads to minimal damage to muscles and ligament surrounding the joint. These patients re typically able to begin strengthening exercises sooner rather than later. With the help of a physical therapist these patients can be on the fast track to recovery.
If you think you need an anthroscopic procedure, consult a Long Island arthroscopic surgeon today.